Astrology and History: The Gutenberg Bible–Redeeming Heaven

The New York Library Copy of the Gutenberg Bible

The New York Library Copy of the Gutenberg Bible

(Astrology Explored)

Uranus/Pluto Conjunction–Breaking the Vessel part 3 Its purchase price was 30 florins, which was three times the yearly salary of the average worker. In today’s dollars, it sold at about $95,000, more than a car, less than a house. And only about 150 to 180 copies were printed. Yet the mass production of the Holy Bible by Johannes Gutenberg was as revolutionary in how people received information as as the introduction of Facebook to the American Public.

Tracking down exact dates is impossible. The passage of time and the paucity of written records obscured what happen when. We know that Gutenberg had a working press with movable type in 1450. 1450 is when Pluto and Uranus moved within ten degrees of each other in the zodiac sign of Leo. In March 1455, completed sets of 1272 unbound pages of the Bible were available for sale. Continue reading

Astrology and Celebrity: Jonathan Frid–The Original Tortured Vampire

Jonathan Frid as Barnabas Collins (Astrology Explored) The show was campy, with overly dramatic writing and acting, the production values, because of the manner in which it was taped, poor. Actors regularly flubbed lines, props occasionally fell, recording booms sometimes appeared in the frame. Once, one actor’s period gown was accidentally set on fire by the lit candles on the set while she was trying to recite her lines. Yet for all its flaws, Dark Shadows became a hit with young baby boomers hitting their teen years, and the reason for this for a large part was the introduction of the original tortured vampire, Barnabas Collins as played by Jonathan Frid.

Sadly, Mr. Frid recently passed on April 13, 2012 weeks before the scheduled release of Tim Burton’s remake film “Dark Shadows” based on the iconic character Frid brought to life. Continue reading

Astrology and History–The Black Death As A Game Changer

Dance with Death(Astrology Explored) Uranus/Pluto Conjunction–Breaking the Vessel, part 2–The study of history can quickly become the study of wealth distribution. We commonly think that the ownership of land denotes wealth. However, land, in and of itself does not generate wealth, what is done with the land does. Who does what with the land becomes the question. The only way to generate wealth from the land is to get someone to work it at a rate of return which is less than the value of the goods produced. This is the basis of all capitalism. For people to work at a rate that is less than the value of the goods produced there has to be something that evens the balance, that makes doing such work “a good deal” for the worker. This might be military protection from invaders, protection from the vagaries of climate by public works (such as irrigation systems), or transportation systems (roads) regular access to spiritual centers and so on. These “perks” of living in an organized community are the basis of the social contracts between the wealth holders and the workers. History shows us that eventually all social contracts become too expensive to maintain. The government controlled by the wealth holders inevitably fails. During the period of the inception of the social contract and its failure there are various attempts from the wealth holders to support the contract by controlling the workers. This is generally done tightening the reins to limit the workers ability to change their own circumstances. At some point the workers realize that “the good deal” isn’t so good anymore and they opt out of the contract. In ancient Rome, for instance, when the empire could no longer protect their cities from the sacks of the “barbarians”, the workers depopulated the cities to find their fortunes on the estates of large and wealthy land owners. This was the start of the period we know of as feudalism.

In the feudal period, workers gradually became slaves to the land. Wealth holders tightened their grip by demanding ever-increasing rents, keeping the worker’s focus on just surviving. Where the Roman ancestors of these workers might have enjoyed some education and mobility in the choice of profession, the options for survival of the population during the feudal period were restricted. The only hope for these workers was the promise of a “reward in heaven” for living a virtuous life, a life of obedience to the dictates of the church and the laws of the wealth holders. This social contract of “Spiritual Protection” was to change in the aftermath the period we know of as the Plague Years.

Uranus and Pluto made their conjunction in 1343 and 1344.

Research published in 2002 suggests that it began in the spring of 1346 in the stepped region, where a plague reservoir stretches from the north-western shore of the Caspian Sea into southern Russia. . .The epidemic began with an attack that Mongols launched on the Italian merchant’s last trading station in the region, Caffa in the Crimea[13]. In the autumn of 1346, plague broke out among the besiegers and from them penetrated into the town. When spring arrived, the Italian merchants fled on their ships, unknowingly carrying the Black Death. Carried by the fleas on rats, the plague initially spread to humans near the Black Sea and then outwards to the rest of Europe as a result of people fleeing from one area to another.

Uranus and Pluto conjoined in the sign of Aries, the sign of warfare and exploration. Pluto is know as the planet of pestilence and plagues (1). While we do not know the exact date this deadly pathogen was generated, we know the result of its Plutonian influence. The plague started in the wake of exploration of trade routes and ignited by the warfare of the Mongols. Continue reading

Astrology and History: Uranus/Pluto Conjunction–Breaking the Vessel, part 1

Broken Glass(Astrology Explored) Michael Erlewine wrote on his FB page his perception that the use of acid in the ‘60’s changed society:

The main lesson of LSD (and I have discussed this with many folks over the years) is that this particular drug is capable of resolving the habitual subject/object dichotomy, which simply means the assumption that thinks: I am here in my head looking out at you (and the world) AND the world I am looking at is independent of me and what I think. . .

The ‘60’s was a time where a society that had patched itself up from the trauma of the a severe Economic Depression and the Second World War kept tripping over its own scars. In a way, America was suffering from a case of PSTD. Though the Post War economic boom brought prosperity to unprecedented numbers of people, the societal roles crafted by this prosperity fit poorly on a populace that grew up with doomsday hanging over their heads. It was as if society was waiting for the other shoe to drop. Continue reading

The Astrology and Astronomy of the Star of Bethlehem

The Magin and the Star of Bethlehem

For many years the story of the star announcing the birth of Jesus was regarded as matter to be taken on faith. For many years astronomers and astrologers have worked on fixing the date of the Star of Bethlehem. Now some even believe they have found the correct date by trying to match biblical details, history and astronomy, all of which describe this event:

The Gospel of Matthew:

2:1Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, Wise-men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, 2:2Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we saw his star in the east, and are come to worship him. 2:3And when Herod the king heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 2:4And gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ should be born. 2:5And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written through the prophet,

2:6And thou Bethlehem, land of Judah,

Art in no wise least among the princes of Judah:

For out of thee shall come forth a governor,

Who shall be shepherd of my people Israel.

2:7Then Herod privily called the Wise-men, and learned of them exactly what time the star appeared. 2:8And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search out exactly concerning the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word, that I also may come and worship him. 2:9And they, having heard the king, went their way; and lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. 2:10And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. 2:11

The Prophecy

The story is striking, and memorable–the birth of a king foretold by a star. But this story is not new in the ancient world. Abraham’s birth was foretold by a star, as well as Caesar, Pythagoras, Yu, and Krishna. Jesus’ birth story followed in a path well tread by Middle Eastern culture. And certain Jewish factions looked to The Star Prophecy that foretold a savior that would wrest Palestine from Roman control. Continue reading

A Mercury Retrograde Story: The Pilgrim’s Journey and Thanksgiving

In honor of both Thanksgiving and Mercury Retrograde here is last year’s post on the astrology of Thanksgiving.

"The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth" By Jennie A. Brownscombe.

"The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth" By Jennie A. Brownscombe.

Their charter wasn’t the charter for the area they settled. Setbacks and delays marked the start of the journey. Eventually the government of England revoked that charter and their colony was merged into Massachusetts Bay colony, a colony established after theirs. We are talking about the Pilgrims here folks, the people that inspired our Thanksgiving celebration. And who do you think the astrological culprit here is, folks? We’ll get to that in a minute. First, some back-story.

The folks who landed and settled Plymouth, MA, and who we call pilgrims in actuality were religious rebels who outwardly criticized Queen Elizabeth the First for trying to unite England under one religion. For Elizabeth, this uniformity was a political necessity as fractious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (in our terminology) nearly tore apart the country prior to her reign. Though the Puritan’s religious beliefs were an offshoot of Protestantism, the Puritan’s civil disobedience was a wound to Elizabeth’s attempt to restore order in a country bleeding from the disputes of the past. As a result of the censure of their actions many members fled to Holland and eventually settled in Leyden, Netherlands which was much more religiously tolerant than England. However, though they lived there for a little over a decade, they became increasingly uncomfortable with the local culture, considering the Dutch “libertine” and with their children’s assimilation of Dutch culture. The Puritans decided it was time to leave the Netherlands, but where to go was the question.

On July 29, 1619 an English government patent was issued to John Wincob for a colony to be established at the northern borders Virginia colony but negotiations with the London Company over the territory to be settled stalled. In February of 1620 a London merchant, Tom Weston, approached the Leyden refugees with offers of funding the new settlement with the backing of seventy other merchants with assurances he could resolve the difficulties with the London Company. One John Pierce got involved and all of sudden the new colony was to be settled at the mouth of the Hudson River.

(read more–>)

The Astrology of Christmas: Winter Solstice Traditions

Christmans Tree(Astrology Explored) Our Christmas traditions, the Christmas Tree and Mistletoe go back our ancient roots as a species. Wikipedia reports the Christmas Tree was a tradition tied to the Winter Solistice as far back as the Chaldean culture.

From Wikipedia:

“In the Chaldean custom, Tammuz, son of the sun god Nimrod and the virgin mother Semiramus, was known as Zero-Ashta, “The seed of the woman,” and also Ignigena, or “born of the fire”. At the time of the winter solstice, the past sun god would die, his branches stripped from him – and one piece, the seed, would enter the fire on “Mother-night” as a log. The next morning, the new triumphant sun god was born from the fire as a tree, the “Branch of God”, who was celebrated for bringing divine gifts to men.

In the Bible, Jeremiah the prophet admonishes those who dare to erect such a pagan artifact: “Thus saith the Lord, learn not the way of the heathen…For the customs of the people are vain; for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. They deck it with silver and gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not.” (Jeremiah 10:2-6)”

Egyptians carried through the same tradition by bringing in fronds of palm trees into their homes and the Romans set up fir trees and decorated them with pieces of metal.

Ancient Celts would decorate with greenery from evergreen trees and burn a log on the solstice, celebrating the perpetual cycle of life, the death of the old Sun god and the birth of the new on the Solstice.

From Wikipedia

“The fir tree has a long association with Christianity, it began in Germany almost 1,000 years ago when St Boniface, who converted the German people to Christianity, was said to have come across a group of pagans worshipping an oak tree. In anger, St Boniface is said to have cut down the oak tree and to his amazement a young fir tree sprung up from the roots of the oak tree. St Boniface took this as a sign of the Christian faith.”

While we might be amazed that a fir tree sprang up from the destruction of an oak tree, Celtic “pagans” would not. They observed a similar thing in nature. Mistletoe is a partly parasitical plant that would spring up on woodland trees, sprouting from the seeds consumed and excreted by the bird called the mistle who found the berries of the mistletoe especially tasty. While the Celts didn’t understand the full mechanics of the parasite, they considered it to be “the soul of the tree”. Druids especially revered the Mistletoe gathered from their sacred oaks. Most likely, because Druids were prone to do this with all manner of herbs, barks and berries, they made a wine from the berries for use during Solstice rituals. Though we do not know the particulars of these rituals it isn’t a stretch to imagine why the tradition of kissing under the mistletoe became a holiday favorite.

Happy Holidays!

Other posts on Christmas Traditions:

Astrology, History and Bad Uses of Prophecy

The Astrology of Christmas: Dickens and Scrooge


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Astrology and History–Thanksgiving

"The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth" By Jennie A. Brownscombe.

"The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth" By Jennie A. Brownscombe.

Their charter wasn’t the charter for the area they settled. Setbacks and delays marked the start of the journey. Eventually the government of England revoked that charter and their colony was merged into Massachusetts Bay colony, a colony established after theirs. We are talking about the Pilgrims here folks, the people that inspired our Thanksgiving celebration. And who do you think the astrological culprit here is, folks? We’ll get to that in a minute. First, some back-story.

The folks who landed and settled Plymouth, MA, and who we call pilgrims in actuality were religious rebels who outwardly criticized Queen Elizabeth the First for trying to unite England under one religion. For Elizabeth, this uniformity was a political necessity as fractious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (in our terminology) nearly tore apart the country prior to her reign. Though the Puritan’s religious beliefs were an offshoot of Protestantism, the Puritan’s civil disobedience was a wound to Elizabeth’s attempt to restore order in a country bleeding from the disputes of the past. As a result of the censure of their actions many members fled to Holland and eventually settled in Leyden, Netherlands which was much more religiously tolerant than England. However, though they lived there for a little over a decade, they became increasingly uncomfortable with the local culture, considering the Dutch “libertine” and with their children’s assimilation of Dutch culture. The Puritans decided it was time to leave the Netherlands, but where to go was the question.

On July 29, 1619 an English government patent was issued to John Wincob for a colony to be established at the northern borders Virginia colony but negotiations with the London Company over the territory to be settled stalled. In February of 1620 a London merchant, Tom Weston, approached the Leyden refugees with offers of funding the new settlement with the backing of seventy other merchants with assurances he could resolve the difficulties with the London Company. One John Pierce got involved and all of sudden the new colony was to be settled at the mouth of the Hudson River.

Even with stories of the difficulties of the previously established Virginia colony, and the native population the members of the Leyden community decided that the colony could make fishing a commercial venture. They even secured a boat for that purpose. A number of refugees boarded their purchased ship, The Speedwell and made for the meeting with the famous Mayflower . . .except the boat leaked. Here is the story:

“ . . .the Pilgrims sailed from Delfthaven in the “Speedwell” for Southampton. At Southampton the “Mayflower” had been receiving her stores and outfit for a week when the “Speedwell” arrived. The two vessels left Southampton August 15, 1620, but put back to Dartmouth about August 23rd, on account of the alleged leakage of the “Speedwell.” The voyage was resumed about September 2d. When about three hundred miles off Land’s End, the Captain of the “Speedwell” again reported his craft leaking. After consultation they put back to Plymouth (England). Here the “Speedwell” was returned to the Adventurers (the London merchants), and eighteen of her passengers went back in her. The remainder of the Pilgrims, one hundred and two in numbers, sailed from Plymouth for the New World in the “Mayflower” September 16, 1620.”

The sailing however did not proceed smoothly. Halfway to their destination during a violent sea storm, a main beam cracked and there was discussions about turning back. The ship was repaired enough with a “great iron screw” most likely a piece of construction equipment brought by the colonists. Even then, when they first spotted land they encountered difficulties in trying to sail around Cape Cod, encountering shoals, so they turned back and landed in what came to be called Provincetown Harbor.

So what is with all the delays and travel problems and the eventual voiding of the charter? The patent granted to John Wincob was made on a day Mercury was retrograde, that legendary period where it is not wise to sign legal documents since they will not hold up. Not only is Mercury retrograde it is in stress aspect (inconjunct) to the Moon in Aquarius, and conjunct the Sun in Gemini.

But even in Mercury Retrograde state, the June 19 date was a seed of the New Republic to come some 150 years down the road. The Gemini Sun of the Charter date touches the inner rim of the stellium of planets that runs from the Mars position 21 degrees of Gemini to the North Node in Gemini in the chart of the United States. The Libra Moon of the charter date is most likely conjunct the U.S, Saturn in Libra, the planet of our traditions. This is why the story of the Pilgrims is told and celebrated as part of our national identity in the national feast of Thanksgiving.





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Hunting a Birth Chart of the United States

United States Flag

(Astrology Explored)–When trying to determine the birth chart of the United States you run into a fascinating array of factors. Was the Declaration of Independence ratified at 2:20 PM as noted by Hamilton? Or was it done in late afternoon as Jefferson recalls? History is murky on the details, but perhaps the details were murky to begin with. Even if we traveled back in time and witnessed the event we might find out that something altogether different happened and we still wouldn’t end up with a definitive time. Why?

The Second Continental Congress convened shortly after the beginning of the Revolutionary War with 56 delegates, most of who attended the First Continental Congress. However, the membership changed during the Congress itself, with some members departing during the proceedings and new members arriving. This was not a static boardroom meeting where the principals come, stay and conclude business. The Congress lasted from May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781. Some of the delegates lacked the authority represent their colony’s interests, but the Congress acted as a de-facto government non-the-less, appointing ambassadors, raising and funding armies and signing treaties with other governments.

It is easy to imagine then that on the day the Declaration of Independence was ratified, that it was business as usual, with members coming in and out of session, with people signing at different times. In fact, one colony, Georgia, didn’t sign at all, since it did not send a representative to the proceedings.

It has been postulated that the Declaration was not signed at all on that day, waiting for the final draft to come back from the printers. However, one would imagine that they had something to look at and argue over. Perhaps this original was the instrument of our country’s foundations. This is speculative however, since again we do not have confirmation of anyone signing anything on that day. All that can be said is that the document was ratified by the Congress, and perhaps this is enough.

Again, we are left many questions about the chart of the United States, with astrologers better than me attempting to answer the question. The Sibly Chart, with Sagittarius on the ascendant is one that is used often by astrologers, but the so called Scorpionic chart, so in tune with our country’s Scorpionic symbols such as the bald eagle, is used often as well.

However the Sibly chart is not perfect either as I found out when I used it to predict a downturn in the markets. The event happened a full month earlier than I predicted. So it appears that in the quest of defining the chart of the United States, we still have some work to do.

Horoscope Chart of the United States

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Astrology and History: Are We Going to Have a Revolution (Again)? Part 1

tiedyed peace sign Pictures, Images and PhotosAre the sixties, the decade of flower power and protests really over? According to Priscilla Costello, speaker at the latest Astrological Society of Connecticut meeting, the same cosmic influences that visited an expanding personal consciousness on a generation have swung around again.

What Priscilla talked about was the cosmic dance of the outer planets, Uranus, Pluto and Saturn, During the late sixties Uranus was conjunct Pluto and Saturn was opposite Uranus. Now in the middle of the first decade of the 21st century we are facing similar influences, with Uranus square Pluto and Saturn opposite Uranus. Pricilla’s observations started me thinking, wondering if we are in for a redux of those turbulent times. What follows is my attempt to match significant historical and astrological events of those and present times.

Saturn, Uranus and Pluto are our archetypes involving broad social issues. Uranus, the archetype of the rebel, wants to upend the apple cart and change the status quo. Looking backward, the sixties was all about changing the status quo. Betty Friedan writes of June 30, 1966 the day of an exact conjunction of Pluto and Uranus:

The government sought to pacify us and convened the Third National Conference of the Commissions on the Status of Women at the Washington Hilton in late June 1966. The omens were not good. That week President Johnson and Lady Bird invited a few of us to tea at the White House. The President said he wanted to appoint talented women, but the problem was “finding these women.” It was a weekend of lip service.
We learned that we weren’t allowed to pass resolutions at the conference. So on its final day, June 30, as dignitaries yammered at the podium, I joined other furious women at the two front lunch tables, passing along notes written on napkins. We were putting together the National Organization for Women under the noses of the people who wanted to put us off. I wrote on one napkin that NOW had “to take the actions needed to bring women into the mainstream of American society, now … in fully equal partnership with men.”

It was no coincidence that Uranus and Pluto were in the sign of Virgo, the virgin, the archetype that is beholden to no man.

But more was churning in the American psyche. The undeclared war in Southeast Asia was a source of resentment for the teenage “baby boomers”.

Well come on all of you big strong men,
Uncle Sam needs your help again,
He got himself in a terrible jam,
Way down yonder in Vietnam,
Put down your books and pick up a gun,
We’re gonna have a whole lotta fun

And its 1,2,3 what are we fighting for?
Don’t ask me I don’t give a damn,
The next stop is Vietnam,
And its 5,6,7 open up the pearly gates,
Well there ain’t no time to wonder why,
WHOOPEE we’re all gonna die . . .

Well come on wall street don’t be slow,
Why man this is war go go go,
There’s plenty good money to be made,
By supplying the army with the tools of the trade,
Just hope and pray that if they drop the bomb
They drop it on the Vietcong.

The children of World War II veterans, this was the first generation of Americans that grew up under the budding materialism of the post war era. After the war, Rosie the Riveter and her generation were shuffled off to brand new suburbs to bear this new Pluto in Leo generation, while the men took the jobs that the women held during the war. The children of the WWII vets were the first generation to experience mass market advertising, television, and an explosion of toys produced specifically for them. Even as they performed “duck and cover” drills in the event of nuclear war, another dark side of American life shadowed them in the form of a skyrocketing divorce rate. Clearly the capitalism and materialism of their parents failed to satisfy the adults in their life or provide a sense of security that these children needed. It was no wonder then that these young people grew up with a cynicism far beyond their years, and many were just not willing to adopt the values that made their parents so very unhappy. The draft was a touchstone; a symbol of the power elite sending off young citizens to a horrific war that seemed to serve no purpose other than to fill the pockets of the Military-Industrial Complex. So when generation hit the college campuses en masse, fueled with an unprecedented amount of government aid in the form of student loans, rather than fulfilling their parent’s desire to get an education they sought the answers to a more meaningful life. Social change seemed to hold the answers. Students protested everything on their campuses on issues ranging on the war to a woman’s place in society.

During the late sixties when Saturn opposed Uranus, it was Saturn, the planet of the status quo, that was in Pisces while Uranus was in Virgo.

Saturn opposing Uranus is all about the breakdown of structures and to average Americans of the time, the student protests were a sure sign that America was going to hell in hand basket, that the “end times” were near for American Society. But as American youth recognized, the status quo needed some very big changes.

On November 8, 1966 at an exact opposition of Saturn and Uranus”

Edward William Brooke, III (born October 26, 1919), is an American politician and was the first African American to be elected by popular vote to the United States Senate when he was elected as a Republican from Massachusetts in 1966, defeating his Democratic opponent, Endicott Peabody, 60.7%–38.7%. He was also the first African American elected to the Senate since the 19th century, and would remain the only person of African heritage sent to the Senate in the 20th century until Democrat Carol Moseley Braun in 1993, and would remain the last Republican Senator from Massachusetts until the 2010 election of Scott Brown.

But not only did this election result demonstrate the breakdown of the status quo, but also paved the way to recognition of the poor economic plight of African Americans. Edward Brooke was appointed by President Johnson to the President’s Commission on Civil Disorders formed to to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations for the future.

The Commission’s final report, the Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders or Kerner Report was released on February 29, 1968 after seven months of investigation. The report became an instant best-seller, and over two million Americans bought copies of the 426-page document. Its finding was that the riots resulted from black frustration at lack of economic opportunity.Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., pronounced the report a “physician’s warning of approaching death, with a prescription for life.”[3]

The report berated federal and state governments for failed housing, education and social-service policies. The report also aimed some of its sharpest criticism at the mainstream media. “The press has too long basked in a white world looking out of it, if at all, with white men’s eyes and white perspective.”

And also:

By his second year in the Senate, Brooke had taken his place as a leading advocate against discrimination in housing and on behalf of affordable housing. With fellow Senate Banking Committee Member, Walter Mondale the Minnesota Democrat, he co-authored the 1968 Fair Housing Act which President Johnson signed into law on April 11, one week after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Dissatisfied with the weakened enforcement provisions that emerged from the legislative process, Brooke repeatedly proposed stronger provisions during his Senate career. In 1969, Congress enacted the “Brooke Amendment” to the federal publicly assisted housing program which limited the tenants’ out-of-pocket rent expenditure to 25 percent of his or her income. By the 1990s, the percentage had gradually increased, but the principle of limiting the housing ‘burden’ of very-low income renters survives in statute, as of 2008.

During the late sixties when Saturn opposed Uranus, it was Saturn, the planet of the status quo, that was in Pisces while Uranus was in Virgo. Thus the government response was a typical Piscean one, let’s give our resources to the least fortunate. Lyndon Johnson declared a “War on Poverty” in 1964, with a series of initiatives, many of which survive today, enacted very close to the first Saturn/Uranus exact opposition on April 1, 1965, but it took the civil unrest of the later part of the decade to drive home the point of the need for social change. It was an age of Liberalism that wasn’t seen before and hasn’t been seen since.

Yet this Liberalism came with a price. It was an age of polarizations, children versus parents, whites versus blacks, women versus men. Yet, even as the Saturn/Uranian conjunction weakened, the force of the Uranus/Pluto conjunction continued its grip upon the nation.

In a January 1967 article written for the Chicago Defender, Martin Luther King, Jr. openly expressed support for the antiwar movement on moral grounds. Reverend King expanded on his views in April at the Riverside Church in New York, asserting that the war was draining much-needed resources from domestic programs. He also voiced concern about the percentage of African American casualties in relation to the total population. King’s statements rallied African American activists to the antiwar cause and established a new dimension to the moral objections of the movement.

But widespread opposition within the government did not appear until 1968. Exacerbating the situation was the presidential election of that year, in which Johnson faced a strong challenge from peace candidates Eugene McCarthy, Robert Kennedy, and George McGovern, all Democrats, as well as his eventual successor, Richard M. Nixon. On 25 March Johnson learned that his closest advisors now opposed the war; six days later, he withdrew from the race.

Lyndon Johnson was a proponent of social change, helping to steer programs designed to help the poor and minorities through the corridors of government. However, in the face of opposition to a war he felt was vital to the security of the nation and the world, he could not continue, and thus America lost one champion for social justice on the home front.

In 1968, America lost two more leaders, Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy, Jr., both voices of social change. It is perhaps no accident that on those two grim days, Pluto made malefic aspects to the planet of communication, Mercury.

In the middle of August 1969, 400,000 young people gathered on Max Yasgur’s farm, in an event that was originally envisioned for 20,000, the Woodstock Music Festival. It was a show of force and solidarity of a generation that showed up on faith because most did not have tickets. They were not turned away. That close to half a million people co-existed for 4 days peacefully with a lack of just about every amenity possible was a demonstration in and of itself that this generation lived its ideals even if the outside world mistakenly believed those ideals were about having a good time.

As this decade slipped into the next at a fever pitch, a shocking event changed the nature of public response. As Uranus and Pluto came to 9 degree separation, about to dissolve their dramatic dance, and Uranus was part of Yod involving the Moon in Aries, and Neptune, National Guard troops shot into a peaceful anti-war demonstration at Kent State University killing 4 students, American citizens exercising their rights to free speech.

Death, previously distant, was now close at hand. New groups-Nobel science laureates, State Department officers, the American Civil Liberties Union-all openly called for withdrawal. Congress began threatening the Nixon administration with challenges to presidential authority. When the New York Times published the first installment of the Pentagon Papers on 13 June 1971, Americans became aware of the true nature of the war. Stories of drug trafficking, political assassinations, and indiscriminate bombings led many to believe that military and intelligence services had lost all accountability. Antiwar sentiment, previously tainted with an air of anti-Americanism, became instead a normal reaction against zealous excess. Dissent dominated America; the antiwar cause had become institutionalized. By January 1973, when Nixon announced the effective end of U.S. involvement, he did so in response to a mandate unequaled in modern times.

.

Even though dissent was now institutionalized, the shots that rang out at Kent State had a chilling effect on public dissent. It was as if the threat of death silenced this generation.

Next Installment: Fast Forward—Saturn/Uranus and Pluto in the New Millenium.

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